End U.S. Public Finance of Fossil Fuels

End U.S. Public Finance of Fossil Fuels

Calling on President Joe Biden’s administration to immediately end public financing of overseas fossil fuels

Despite the need to rapidly reduce fossil fuel production and use, G20 governments have provided more than three times as much in public finance for fossil fuels as for renewable energy every single year since the adoption of the Paris Agreement. U.S. institutions, such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank (EXIM) and the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) (and its predecessor, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation) have provided billions for new fossil fuel projects annually, together averaging $4.4 billion per year over the past decade. In 2020, EXIM and DFC provided billions in support for liquefied natural gas development in Mozambique and fracking projects in Argentina, among others. President Biden’s Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad mandates that EXIM, DFC and other agencies put forward plans to end support for high carbon energy projects. These plans must result in an immediate end to all financing of overseas fossil fuel projects, including gas.


To: Secretary of the Treasury Janet Yellen
Secretary of State Anthony Blinken
Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm
Incoming President and Chairperson of the U.S. Export-Import Bank
Acting CEO of the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation Dev Jagadesan Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jake Sullivan
Special Assistant to the President for Economic Policy Robin Colwell
Acting Chief Executive Officer, Millennium Challenge Corporation, Mahmoud Bah Acting Director, U.S. Trade and Development Agency, Enoh T. Ebong
Special Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry

We are encouraged by the Biden Administration’s initial steps to implement a ‘whole-of-government’ approach to the climate crisis, as set out in the January 27 “Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad.” We are writing now to provide our recommendations on a critical piece of the international agenda described in the Executive Order — ending public support for fossil fuels around the world by “promoting the flow of capital toward climate-aligned investments and away from high-carbon investments.” We urge the Biden Administration to act swiftly to end new financing for all parts of the fossil fuel supply chain (including for gas), stop new U.S. fossil fuel support within 90 days across all government institutions, and work with other nations to end fossil fuel financing.1

As you know, averting the worst impacts of the climate crisis requires a rapid transition away from fossil fuels. There is simply no room left for new investments in long-lived carbon intensive infrastructure. Still, public agencies continue to provide tens of billions of dollars to finance and support such investments each year. This has to stop.

In his Executive Order, President Biden initiated three distinct inter-agency policy-making processes to address this problem.

  • First, he directed Secretaries Yellen, Blinken, and Granholm to lead a process to develop a strategy to “promote ending international financing of carbon-intensive fossil fuel-based energy while simultaneously advancing sustainable development and a green recovery.”
  • Second, he directed Secretaries Yellen and Blinken and Special Envoy Kerry to develop, in consultation with other relevant agencies, a “climate finance plan” that will focus on “promoting the flow of capital toward climate-aligned investments and away from high-carbon investments” within 90 days of the Executive Order.
  • Third, he instructed Secretary Yellen to develop a strategy for the U.S. to use its voice and vote in international financial institutions to promote initiatives that are “aligned with and support the goals of the Paris Agreement.” Each of these processes addresses an important part of the overall challenge of eliminating the flow of public money to fossil fuel infrastructure. The goal should be consistent across these processes: to articulate policies that are based on climate science, comprehensive in their scope — covering all institutions, all fossil fuels, and all stages in the value chain — and stringent in their requirements.

Background

Climate science shows that we need a rapid transition from fossil fuels, the single biggest source of global greenhouse gas emissions, to renewable energy in order to limit global warming to 1.5oC. The IPCC’s P1 trajectory, which takes a precautionary approach to negative emission technologies, shows that the use of coal, oil and gas needs to drop by 78%, 37% and 25% respectively by 2030 compared to 2010 levels to keep warming limited to 1.5oC. According to the 2020 UNEP Production Gap report, between 2020 and 2030, global coal, oil, and gas production would have to decline annually by 11%, 4%, and 3%, respectively, to be consistent with a 1.5oC pathway. And in the electricity sector, there is no carbon budget left to build new gas and coal-fired power plants — many existing ones will need to be retired before the end of their normal economic lives. This means we should be focused on retiring fossil fuel infrastructure and stop financing new infrastructure.

Despite the need to rapidly reduce fossil fuel production and use, G20 governments have provided more than three times as much in public finance for fossil fuels as for renewable energy every single year since the adoption of the Paris Agreement. U.S. institutions, such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank (EXIM) and the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) (and its predecessor, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation) have provided billions for new fossil fuel projects annually, together averaging $4.4 billion per year over the past decade.

The good news is that by acting decisively, the Biden Administration can accelerate a global shift away from public finance for fossil fuels. The plan to end international public finance for fossil fuels that results from this Executive Order should be extensive — applying across the value chain for all oil, gas, and coal — and should apply to all U.S. international public finance across its bilateral institutions and its engagement in multilateral institutions. The plan should be implemented immediately to halt U.S public finance for fossil fuels.

Over the past 18 months, other leading governments and institutions have taken important steps to shift away from government-backed finance to the fossil fuel industry:

  • In late 2019, the European Investment Bank — the world’s largest multilateral lender — passed a new Energy Lending Policy that will end virtually all its support for oil, gas, and coal by the end of this year. This month, its president pronounced “gas is over.”
  • Late last year, the UK, holding the COP26 Presidency, announced “the UK will end taxpayer support for fossil fuel projects overseas as soon as possible,” including bilateral development finance, export finance, trade promotion, and UK MDB positions.
  • On January 25, 2021, the European Council adopted new conclusions on energy and climate diplomacy, including that “European Union energy diplomacy will discourage all further investments into fossil fuel based energy infrastructure projects in third countries[…]” and a renewed call for “a global phase-out of environmentally harmful fossil-fuel subsidies along a clear timeline.” This momentum builds on policy commitments to exclude finance for coal-fired power that the U.S. led under the Obama Administration, including through Treasury guidance, U.S. leadership at the MDBs and OECD, and through a 2013 joint commitment with other like-minded nations to end overseas coal finance that ultimately led to the Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Sector Understanding in the OECD Arrangement. Recommendations The Biden Administration can build on this momentum for curbing public finance for fossil fuels by pursuing a whole-of-government approach to end all U.S. public finance for fossil fuels, focusing instead on supporting climate action abroad. We, the undersigned, ask that the plans developed in accordance with the Executive Order to end international public financing of fossil fuels meet the following criteria:

Scope:

  • Cover all U.S. public finance institutions, including the U.S. Export-Import Bank, U.S. International Development Finance Corporation, U.S. Trade and Development Agency, Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States Agency for International Development, and other relevant institutions. The plans should also apply to U.S. participation in multilateral institutions including the MDBs and the IMF.
  • Include a strategy to partner with the UK, the EU, and other front-running countries to secure additional commitments from other governments and public finance institutions to end their public finance for fossil fuels, including at the OECD Export Credit Group and the second Finance in Common Summit.
  • Apply across the oil, gas, and coal value chain (i.e., include upstream, midstream, and downstream segments), as well as for associated facilities and related infrastructure, and should apply to all funding streams and modalities, including indirect financing provided through financial intermediaries, and, in the case of the MDBs, development policy finance;
  • Scale up international support for a just transition away from fossil fuels, providing .
  • Exclude new gas infrastructure from eligibility for all future government financing, except in extremely limited and well-defined, and closely regulated circumstances.2 Gas is not a climate solution, nor is it a “bridge fuel.”3 Rather, it diverts resources from less polluting, economically advantageous renewable, efficiency, storage, and other solutions that truly support decarbonization. Nor is the case for gas as a tool for energy access compelling. Recent research has shown that public finance for gas has seldom delivered significant energy access benefits, and alternatives are often more cost-effective. The UN Sustainable Energy for All initiative recently concluded that “financing of fossil fuel projects as a means of closing the energy access gap should be terminated” because it locks countries “into decades of carbon emissions, import dependency and stranded asset risk.”

Timeline:

  • Develop plans for ending fossil fuel finance across all institutions as soon as possible, within the 90- day timeframe. While the Executive Order does not specify a deadline for Treasury to develop a strategy on the use of “voice and vote,” or a deadline for the specified agencies to articulate a plan to promote ending international financing of fossil fuel-based energy, we ask that strategies and implementation plans regarding “voice and vote” and international diplomacy also be completed within a 90-day timeframe, similar to what was specified for other areas such as the development of the “climate finance plan.”
  • Clear Treasury guidance on the MDBs should be released as soon as possible in order to establish the U.S. position ahead of the Asian Development Bank’s forthcoming energy policy review, with a draft policy due to be released within weeks.
  • Have all measures take effect soon after the completion of the plan, while also seeking comment on ways to strengthen the plans further.
  • Conduct a public consultation process aimed at ensuring the outcome is as ambitious as possible.

Leadership on this agenda from the U.S. would have a considerable global impact. Thank you for your consideration of these recommendations, and we look forward to hearing from you.

AFRICA (25 groups from 12 countries)

Youth for Challenge — Benin

Cartoonists for Climate — Cameroon

AbibiNsroma Foundation — Ghana

Alliance for Empowering Rural Communities — Ghana

Parlement des Jeunes Leaders de la Société Civile Guinéenne — Guinea

deCOALonize Campaign — Kenya

People’s Federation for National Peace & Development — Malawi

Association de l’Arbre — Mauritania

Comité de Solidarité avec les Victimes des Violences des Droits de L’Homme — Mauritania

Community Development Advocacy Foundation — Nigeria

Dararrafe Vocational Training Center — Nigeria

Environmental Rights Action / Friends of the Earth Nigeria — Nigeria

Health of Mother Earth Foundation — Nigeria

Innovea Development Foundation — Nigeria

Kebetkache Women Development & Resource Centre — Nigeria

Ralph Boys’ Brigade — Nigeria

Women Rights & Sustainable Society — Nigeria

YesHub — Nigeria Centre for Environmental Rights — South Africa

Fund Our Future — South Africa

groundWork (Friends of the Earth South Africa) — South Africa

Just Share — South Africa

Centre for Citizens Conserving — Uganda

Judith Chikonde Foundation — Zambia

Centre for Alternative Development — Zimbabwe

ASIA (31 groups from 14 countries)

Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt — Bangladesh

Coastal Livelihood & Environmental Action Network — Bangladesh

Equitable Cambodia — Cambodia

Green Camel Bell — China

Meiyouwenti / CoalProblem — China

People of Asia for Climate Solutions — China / Philippines

The Greens Movement of Georgia — Georgia

Climate Action Network South Asia — India

Climate Warriors India — India / South Asia

Environics Trust — India

Growthwatch — India

Himalaya Niti Abhiyan — India

Indian Social Action Forum — India

Morya Samajik Pratishthan — India

Movement for Advancing Understanding on Sustainability and Mutuality — India

Nadi Ghati Morcha — India

National Hawker Federation — India

Project 100 — India

Friends of the Earth Japan — Japan

Mekong Watch — Japan

350.org Japan — Japan

All Nepal Peasants Federation Association — Nepal

Youth For Environment Education & Development Foundation — Nepal

Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum — Pakistan

Asian Peoples’ Movement on Debt & Development — Philippines / Asia

Freedom from Debt Coalition — Philippines

Solutions for Our Climate — South Korea

FIAN Sri Lanka — Sri Lanka

Mom Loves Taiwan Association — Taiwan

Climate Watch Thailand — Thailand

Green Innovation & Development Centre — Vietnam

EUROPE (41 groups from 16 countries)

Change Partnership — Belgium

Food & Water Action Europe — Belgium / Europe

Centar za ekologiju i energiju — Bosnia & Herzegovina

CEE Bankwatch Network — Czech Republic

ActionAid Denmark — Denmark

VedvarendeEnergi — Denmark

EKOenergy — Finland

Atome et Carbone — France

Friends of the Earth France — France

Reclaim Finance — France

Berliner Wassertisch — Germany

Energy Watch Group — Germany

Quantum Leap — Germany

Urgewald — Germany

Clean Air Action Group — Hungary

Fracking Free Clare — Ireland

BankTrack — Netherlands

Both ENDS — Netherlands

Concerned Citizens Against Climate Change — Netherlands

Fair Finance International — Netherlands

Milieudefensie — Netherlands

Reclame Fossielvrij / Fossil Free Advertising — Netherlands

Recourse — Netherlands

Women Engage for a Common Future — Netherlands

Naturvernforbundet / Friends of the Earth Norway — Norway

Fundacja Rozwój TAK – Odkrywki NIE — Poland

Academia Cidadã – Citizenship Academy — Portugal

All Green Energies — Spain

INTLawyers — Switzerland

Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD) — United Kingdom

The Corner House — United Kingdom

Corporate Europe Observatory — United Kingdom /

Belgium Environmental Justice Foundation — United Kingdom

Frack Free Sussex — United Kingdom

Frack Off London — United Kingdom

Friends of the Earth England, Wales & Northern Ireland — United Kingdom

Global Justice Now — United Kingdom

Otley 2030 — United Kingdom

Rapid Transition Alliance — United Kingdom

REK Rowlands & Partners — United Kingdom

Weald Action Group — United Kingdom

NORTH AMERICA (295 groups from 5 countries)

Above Ground — Canada

Catholic Divestment Network — Canada / United States

Climate Action Network Canada — Canada

Climate Emergency Institute — Canada

Environmental Defence Canada — Canada

Glasswaters Foundation — Canada

Indigenous Environmental Network — Canada / United States

New Brunswick Anti-Shale Gas Alliance — Canada

Pro-Information Pro-Environment United People Network — Canada Stand.earth — Canada / United States

Centro Salvadoreño de Tecnologia Apropiada / Friends of the Earth El Salvador — El Salvador

Association des Citoyens pour le Développement Durable — Haiti

Milpah Honduras — Honduras

Action Center on Race & the Economy — United States

ActionAid USA — United States

Acton & Agua Dulce Democratic Club — United States

Adorers of the Blood of Christ, U.S. Region — United States

Alameda County Interfaith Climate Action Network — United States

Alliance for Climate Education — United States

Alliance for Democracy Portland — United States

Amazon Watch — United States

Amnesty International USA — United States

Animals Are Sentient Beings — United States

Athens County’s Future Action Network — United States

Aytzim: Ecological Judaism — United States

Azul — United States

Baltimore 350 — United States

Bank Information Center — United States

The Banner — United States

Beaver County Marcellus Awareness Community —United States

Ben & Jerry’s — United States

Berks Gas Truth — United States

Better Path Coalition — United States

Beyond Extreme Energy — United States

Biketopia Berkeley Workshop — United States

Blue Climate Initiative — United States

Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League — United States

Breast Cancer Action — United States

Breathe Easy Susquehanna County — United States

Broward for Progress — United States

Buckeye Environmental Network — United States

Businesses for a Livable Climate — United States

California Young Democrats Jewish Caucus — United States

Call to Action Colorado — United States

Carrizo/Comecrudo Tribal Nation of Texas — United States

CatholicNetwork.US — United States

Center for Biological Diversity — United States

Center for Climate Change & Health — United States

Center for Popular Democracy — United States

Center for a Sustainable Coast — United States

Change the Chamber / Lobby For Climate — United States

Chapel Hill Organization for Clean Energy — United States

Chesapeake Climate Action Network — United States

Christians Concerned About Climate Change — United States

Clean Energy Action Colorado — United States

Clean Energy Now Texas — United States

Climate Action Group, Unitarian Society of Northampton & Florence — United States

Climate Action Now Western Massachusetts — United States

The Climate Center — United States

Climate Equity Reference Project — United States

Climate Finance Action — United States

Climate Hawks Vote — United States

Climate Health Now — United States

Climate Justice at Boston College — United States

The Climate Mobilization — United States

Climate Refugees — United States

Climate XChange — United States

Coalition to Protect New York — United States

CODEPINK Women for Peace — United States

CODEPINK Women for Peace, Golden Gate Chapter — United States

College Democrats of America Environmental Caucus — United States

Colorado Businesses for a Livable Climate — United States

Communities for Safe & Sustainable Energy — United States

Communitopia — United States

Community Advocates for a Sustainable Environment — United States

Compassionate Bay — United States

Compressor Free Franklin — United States

Concerned Citizens Ohio — United States

Concerned Ohio River Residents — United States

Cream City Conservation — United States

Critica — United States

Democratic Environmental Caucus of Florida — United States

Dominican Sisters of Sinsinawa — United States

Don’t Waste Arizona — United States

E3G — United States

Earth Action — United States

Earthkeeper Health Resources — United States

Earthworks — United States

EcoEquity — United States

Elders Council Center for Alaskan Coastal Studies — United States

Elected Officials to Protect America — United States

Elmirans & Friends Against Fracking — United States

Empower our Future Colorado — United States

Environmental Health Working Group, Berkeley Climate Action Coalition — United States

Environmental Justice Taskforce, Western New York Peace Center — United States

Extinction Rebellion San Francisco Bay Area — United States

Fairbanks Climate Action Coalition — United States

Faithful America — United States

Feminists in Action Los Angeles — United States

First Unitarian Portland Community for Earth — United States

Flight Free USA — United States

Food & Water Action — United States

Fossil Free California — United States

Fossil Fuel Divest Harvard — United States

Fox Valley Citizens for Peace & Justice — United States

FrackbustersNY — United States

Franciscan Action Network — United States

FracTracker Alliance — United States

The Freedom BLOC — United States

Fremont County Indivisible — United States

FreshWater Accountability Project — United States

Friends of the Earth U.S. — United States

Friends For Environmental Justice — United States

Future Coalition — United States

The Future Left — United States

FXB Climate Advocates — United States

Gas Free Seneca — United States

Gender Action — United States

Grassroots Environmental Education — United States

Green America — United States

Green Newton — United States

GreenLatinos — United States

Greenpeace USA — United States

Greenvest — United States

Grey Nuns of the Sacred Heart — United States

Hawai’i Institute for Human Rights — United States

Health Care for All Colorado — United States

Healthy Gulf — United States

Heartwood — United States

Hip Hop Caucus — United States

Howard County Climate Action — United States

Human Nature Dance Theatre — United States

Humboldt Young Democrats — United States

Important, Not Important — United States

Indigenous People of the Coastal Bend — United States

Indivisible Daytona Beach — United States

Indivisible San Francisco — United States

Inland Ocean Coalition — United States

Institute for Agriculture & Trade Policy — United States

Institute for Policy Studies Climate Policy Program —

United States InterAmerican Clean Energy Institute — United States

Interfaith Earth Network of Southeastern Wisconsin — United States

Judson Memorial Church — United States

Just Transitions Dance Workshops — United States

Labor/Community Strategy Center — United States

Labor Network for Sustainability — United States

The Last Plastic Straw — United States

Leadership Conference of Women Religious — United States

Lebanon Pipeline Awareness — United States

Lehigh-Pocono Committee of Concern Peace Center —United States

Linked Fates Strategies — United States

Local Clean Energy Alliance — United States

Long Beach Alliance for Clean Energy — United States

Loretto Earth Network — United States

Loretto at the United Nations — United States

Los Amigos de Codornices — United States

Louisiana Bucket Brigade — United States

Marcellus Outreach Butler — United States

Mazaska Talks — United States

Micronesia Climate Change Alliance — United States (Guam)

Middletown for Clean Energy — United States

Mighty Earth — United States

Monadnock Associates — United States

Morning Star Martial Arts — United States

Movement Rights — United States

Native Movement — United States

NC WARN — United States

New Energy Economy — United States

New Mexico Environmental Law Center — United States

New York Grassroots Alliance — United States

North American Climate, Conservation & Environment — United States

North Country 350 Alliance — United States

Nuclear Information & Resource Service — United States

The Oakland Institute — United States

Ocean Conservancy — United States

Ocean Conservation Research — United States

Ocean Protection Coalition — United States

Oceanic Preservation Society — United States

Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition — United States

Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility — United States

Our Honor — United States

Our Revolution Hawaii — United States

Oxfam America — United States

Peace & Justice Team, Congregation of Saint Joseph — United States

Pennsylvania Interfaith Power & Light — United States

Peoples Climate Movement New York — United States

People for a Healthy Environment — United States

People’s Party — United States

Physicians for Social Responsibility — United States

Physicians for Social Responsibility Pennsylvania — United States

Pittsburghers Against Single-Use Plastic — United States

Pivot Point — United States

Plastic Pollution Coalition — United States

Plymouth Friends for Clean Water — United States

Power Shift Network — United States

Preserve Bent Mountain — United States

Preserve Giles County — United States

Preserve Montgomery County — United States

Progressive Change Campaign Committee — United States

Progressive Democrats of America — United States

Project Blueprint — United States

Project CoffeeHouse — United States

Protect All Children’s Environment — United States

Protect Our Water Heritage Rights — United States

Public Citizen — United States

Publish What You Pay U.S. — United States

Rail Pollution Protection Pittsburgh — United States

Rainforest Action Network — United States

Rapid Shift Network — United States

Renewable Energy Long Island — United States

Resist the Pipeline — United States

Resource Renewal Institute — United States

Revolving Door Project — United States

Rio Grande International Study Center — United States

RISE St. James — United States

Rogue Climate — United States

RootsAction — United States

Santa Barbara Standing Rock Coalition — United States

Santa Cruz Climate Action Network — United States

Save Rio Grande Valley — United States

School Sisters of Notre Dame Central Pacific, Justice, Peace & Integrity of Creation Office — United States

Seneca Lake Guardian — United States

Sierra Club — United States

Sisters of Mercy of the Americas Justice Team — United States

Social Eco Education Los Angeles — United States

Society of Native Nations— United States

Sojourners — United States

Solidarity INFO Service — United States

SoulDreams — United States

Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance — United States

Southwest Native Cultures — United States

Stop the Algonquin Pipeline Expansion — United States

Stop New York Fracked Gas Pipeline — United States

Sullivan Alliance for Sustainable Development — United States

Sunflower Alliance — United States

Sunrise DeKalb — United States

Sunrise Movement — United States SustainUS — United States

Texas Campaign for the Environment — United States

TIAA Divest from Climate Catastrophe— United States

Tinker Tree Play/Care — United States

Transition Berkeley — United States

Transition Express — United States

Turtle Island Restoration Network — United States

Union of Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, USA Unit — United States

Unite North Metro Denver — United States

United Church of Christ Environmental Justice Ministry — United States

United Native Americans — United States

Upper Valley Affinity Group — United States

Utah Valley Earth Forum — United States

Veterans For Peace, Baltimore Chapter — United States

Volusia Climate Action — United States

Wall of Women Colorado — United States

Washtenaw 350 — United States

Waterspirit — United States

Western Environmental Law Center — United States

Wild Cumberland — United States

Wild Idaho Rising Tide — United States

Win Without War — United States

WindSoHy — United States

Zero Hour — United States

2 Degrees at Green Neighbors — United States

198 methods — United States

350 Austin — United States

350 Brooklyn — United States

350 Butte County — United States

350 Central Mass — United States

350 Colorado — United States

350 Conejo / San Fernando Valley — United States

350 Connecticut — United States

350 Contra Costa — United States

350 Dekalb — United States

350 Deschutes — United States

350 Eugene — United States

350 Everett — United States

350 Hawaii — United States

350 Humboldt — United States

350 Juneau — United States

350 Kishwaukee — United States

350 Massachusetts for a Better Future — United States

350 Merced — United States

350 Montgomery County — United States

350 Montana — United States

350 New Mexico — United States

350 New Orleans — United States

350 NYC — United States

350 PDX — United States

350 Pensacola — United States

350 Sacramento — United States

350 Seattle — United States

350 Silicon Valley — United States

350 Spokane — United States

350 Triangle — United States

350 Ventura County Climate Hub — United States

1000 Grandmothers for Future Generations — United States

OCEANIA (14 groups from 5 countries)

Australasian Centre for Corporate Responsibility — Australia

Conservation Council of Western Australia — Australia

Jubilee Australia — Australia

350.org Australia — Australia

Alliance for Future Generations — Fiji

Porgera Red Wara Women’s Association — Papua New Guinea

Pacific Islands Students Fighting Climate Change — Solomon Islands

Anne’s Christian Community Health School & Nursing Services — Vanuatu

Vanmel Community Association — Vanuatu

Vanuatu Climate Action Network — Vanuatu

Vanuatu Human Rights Coalition — Vanuatu

Vatu Mauri Consortium — Vanuatu

Vanuatu USA Alumni Association — Vanuatu Vanuatu

Young Women For Change — Vanuatu

SOUTH AMERICA (7 groups from 5 countries)

Asociación Unión de Talleres 11 de Septiembre — Bolivia

Instituto Internacional Arayara — Brazil

Não Fracking Brasil — Brazil

Observatório do Petróleo e Gás — Brazil

Corporación Defensora del Agua, Territorio y Ecosistemas — Colombia

Climate Action Network Latin America — Latin America & Caribbean

Arayara Foundation — Uruguay

INTERNATIONAL (19 groups)

ActionAid International — International

Big Shift Global — International
Center for International Environmental Law — International / United States

Church World Service — International / United States

Citizens’ Climate International — International / United States

Climate Action Network International — International

Climate Reality Project — International / United States

Friends of the Earth International — International

Global Witness — International / United States

GreenFaith — International / United States

Greenpeace — International

International Marine Mammal Project, Earth Island Institute — International / United States

Natural Resources Defense Council — International / United States

Oil Change International — International / United States

Pacific Environment — International / United States

SumOfUs — International

ThinkOcean Society — International

University Student Chamber International — International / Japan

350.org — International / United States

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