Deforestation Free Public Procurement

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In order to transform our economies towards greater sustainability, resilience and equity, it is crucial that we reduce consumption, especially in the over-consuming wealthy nations of the Global North. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (commonly known as the SDGs), recognize this problem in their call for sustainable consumption and production patterns. But not enough has been done to meet the challenge.

Part of the consumption challenge can and must be met by reducing the sheer quantity of stuff we as a society consume. But a significant part of the challenge also lies in transforming global demand for the most unsustainable goods. 

Globally, governments spend an estimated $13 trillion annually — one-sixth of global GDP — in the procurement of goods. What if this money were to be directed towards driving sustainability? 

What if governments were to use their purchasing power to transform the way goods are produced? 

This is where Deforestation Free Public Procurement comes in. Since 2018, Friends of the Earth has been at the forefront of envisioning and advocating for state and federal bills designed to leverage the enormous purchasing power of governments to dramatically reduce demand for products linked to deforestation. 

The California Deforestation Free Procurement Act and the New York Deforestation Free Purchasing Act, both introduced in early 2021, would require that all companies providing the states with products containing tropical and boreal “forest-risk” commodities like palm oil, paper pulp, tropical and boreal timber, rubber, cattle and soybeans demonstrate that their production has not contributed to deforestation or intact forest degradation. Covered companies would have to establish strict measures to protect forests and biodiversity, reduce emissions from plantations, and respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples whose lands are considered for plantation development. Under the proposed laws, companies will be required to provide precise details about the source of forest-risk commodities found in products that may be furnished to the state—down to the plot of land they are grown on. 

These deforestation free procurement bills are designed to drive transparency, traceability, and accountability in global supply chains. We’re beginning with a few states with purchasing power in the billions of dollars. But imagine if the $13 trillion that the world’s governments spend on procurement were to be invested in deforestation free purchasing. It would, quite literally, change the world.

Latest News See All
Legislative Champions, Advocates Reintroduce NY Deforestation-Free Procurement Act

Lawmakers renew the push for a bill that will ensure New York state government practices don't drive deforestation or forest degradation.

Assemblymember Kalra Re-Introduces Bill to Encourage Sustainable Government Purchasing

Tropical forests cover roughly seven percent of the Earth’s surface but harbor close to half of all species on Earth.

California Governor Newsom fails to pass the Deforestation Free Procurement act

Amidst ongoing wildfires, California Governor Gavin Newsom today vetoed the California Deforestation Free Procurement Act

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Resources See All
  • California’s Hand in Global Deforestation: Key points and FAQs
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  • NY Deforestation-Free Procurement Act fact sheet
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  • NY Deforestation-Free Procurement Act fact sheet (Spanish)
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