Industrial Ocean Fish Farming

Millions of Americans eat seafood in an attempt to consume healthier, more environmentally conscious meals. But what they don’t realize is that over half of the seafood we consume is farmed – the bulk of which is produced by industrial ocean fish farms that are fraught with environmental and social problems.

Industrial ocean fish farming – also known as open ocean or offshore marine aquaculture – is the mass breeding, rearing, and harvesting of seafood in net pens, pods, and cages. These are essentially underwater factory farms in our ocean, with devastating environmental and socio-economic impacts.

Friends of the Earth seeks to:

  • Shift the focus away from mainstream, industrial seafood production, and toward truly sustainable farming and wild fishing practices
  • Develop federal and state policies for sustainable aquaculture practices that exclude industrial ocean fish farming
  • Launch a market transformation for truly sustainable seafood


  • Oceans Stop Congress from industrializing our oceans with floating factory farms
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  • Oceans Stop Trump from opening our oceans to Big Oil
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  • Oceans Protect our oceans from factory fish farms
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Latest News See All
Senators Advance Controversial Aquaculture Bill, Threatening Coastal Economies and Ecosystems

The last thing we should be doing is allowing corporations to dump even more toxins into our oceans by rubber-stamping these dangerous developments

Federal Government Steps Forward On Approving Harmful Aquaculture Facility Off San Diego, CA

NOAA announced its intent to prepare an EIS for a facility off the coast of San Diego, bringing this risky project one step closer to reality

Two federal agencies rush industrial aquaculture development, threatening fishing, communities, and ecosystems

Today, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will move to designate federal waters off Southern California and in the Gulf of Mexico as “Aquaculture Opportunity Areas” (AOA).

Impact Stories See All
Banning Industrial Ocean Fish Farming in Washington state
Banning Industrial Ocean Fish Farming in Washington state

In early March 2018, Washington’s state legislature passed House Bill 2957—a bill that bans all future industrial net pen operations by 2022. This bill should send a message to the aquaculture industry that its time is up.

Latest Blog Posts See All
Trump is exploiting a crisis to industrialize our oceans
Trump is exploiting a crisis to industrialize our oceans

The federal government continues to take full advantage of an unprecedented time for America to push forward controversial and shameful corporate agendas.

International examples offer US a blueprint for aquaculture regulation in 2020
International examples offer US a blueprint for aquaculture regulation in 2020

For many years, powerful corporations, assisted by the very U.S. agencies tasked with protecting and managing our ocean resources, have collectively been pushing for development of industrialized fish farms off the coasts of our shoreline communities.

Your tax dollars at work: The Trump administration just created a map showing mega-corporations where they should industrialize the ocean next
Your tax dollars at work: The Trump administration just created a map showing mega-corporations where they should industrialize the ocean next

Our oceans are home to important and endangered marine species, and shouldn’t be treated as mere uncharted areas for mega-corporations to industrialize.

Resources See All
  • US Army Corps of Engineers Sign-On Letter Regarding COVID-19
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  • Petition for Judicial Review
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  • Comments on Kampachi Farms Permit
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